Only twenty years after its invention, the World Wide Web has become commonplace and has fundamentally changed the way we work, live, and interact with others. However, the medium is in many ways still in its infancy, and as you progress in learning about designing Web pages, you will encounter many significant limitations primarily because the Web was not created as a place to sell books or keep in touch with friends from high school. Understanding why the Web was invented and what its original goals were will help you better understand these issues.
The Invention of the Web
The Web was invented in 1990 by Tim-Lee. Berners-Lee was a physicist at CERN, the European laboratory for particle physics, located in Geneva, Switzerland. Berners-Lee noted that visiting scientists, while working on experiments that could have come straight from Star Trek, had to exchange most of their information with one another on paper because their computer systems were incompatible. He therefore created the Web as a way to allow these scientists to share their findings, regardless of what kind of computer system they used.
The Invention of the Internet
Jokes about politicians aside, no one person invented the Internet. Rather, it evolved over decades from a variety of other sources. Much of the early work on what became the Internet was done in the 1960s. Although the United States Department of Defense funded the early research, the Internet was not, contrary to popular belief, designed by or for the military directly.
The Web versus the Internet
Many people confuse the Web with the Internet, but it is important to understand that they are not the same thing. The Web is best thought of as an application that runs on the Internet. E-mail is another application running on the Internet, entirely separate from the Web.
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